The date 22nd March, almost we all remember it, but why? Yes, because it is celebrated as the world water day. Water is vital for life on earth. All animals and plants need water to survive. Human beings need water the most. Our body itself contains more than 70% water. Some vegetables and fruits like tomatoes and watermelon contain more than 95% water. Water is a big necessity for every man or we can say that it is necessary for every living thing. Plants, animals and humans can’t live even a day without water. If we don’t drink water, one full day we start feeling dizzy. Plants will dry if they are not properly watered. The amount of water needed by a person for drinking, washing, cooking and maintaining proper hygiene is approximately of 50 liters per person per day. This amount is about two or three buckets of water per person. If we get this amount of water we should consider ourselves fortunate, because in today’s world many areas are suffering from the water scarcity. In some places, especially during summer months there is an acute shortage of water. Taps running dry in many areas, we can see long queues for water, people fights for their turns and then too they do not get sufficient water for their needs. We can also see many marches, rallies and protests by the local people for demand of water. It is a common sight which can be seen during summer season. But some parts or the desert areas suffer this problem throughout the year. The planet, where we all live is earth. When we see our earth from space it appears blue in colour. This is because 71% of earth is covered with water. There are many vast oceans, seas, rivers, lakes etc. But all these are going dry day by day. Shortage of water has become a worldwide problem, especially in the underdeveloped areas. In those areas water supply is appropriate. There are no water lines connected, yet. The people there have to walk several kilometers to fetch water. They draw water from the nearby lakes, rivers or some wells etc. The people of these areas have to suffer a lot. Therefore, the water cycle is necessary for all life on earth. The main reason for the scarcity of water is the increasing population. Because of this increasing population there is a rapid growth of industries, irrigation requirements are growing day by day. We need to be worried about this problem. The main thing is that, only humans can save this earth. Animals and plants also need water, but they can’t help us in water conservation. Humans only will have to take proper steps to save and conserve water. For human beings there are a number of ways, they can adopt to minimize the wastage of water. Few of them can be such as turning the tap off while not in use, as while brushing or washing clothes or vegetables etc. Use less water for bathing. Adopt the rain water for some purposes. Mop the floors instead of washing them. And in the same way there are many ways by which we can save water. We should make each and every person aware of the problems which arise due to the scarcity of water on earth.. There is a true proverb in Hindi (Jal hai to Kal hai) which means if there is water then only our future is safe. Therefore, from today let’s all of us start saving each and every drop of water. The only drop saved by each person can give life to the other person who needs it. Conserve this precious resource.

Krisha Gajaria

STD 5