Music and festivities during Durga Puja

What better therapy than to enjoy a musical Durga puja after the monsoons.

The magical time of festivities and excitement has come…Durga Puja is approaching. Even the improved and pleasant weather reflects it. Joy and anticipation are in the air. Historically, Durga Puja began in Bengal but all the states and communities in India have joined in, one way or the other. It is a celebration of Goddess Durga’s victory over the evil demon Mahishasur –  the conquest of good over evil. And what better way to express this joy of oncoming festival other than through music?

The preparations include shopping and the making of marvellous sweets, whose scent waft through the air, tempting all passers-by. Plays and acts are chosen and rehearsed, not to mention music is also chosen and practised. In Bengal, RabindraSangeet is an integral part of all occasions.

The musical range is vast – Indipop, classical, semi-classical, popular film songs and of course devotional songs in the honour of the Devi.

With the dawn of Navaratri on Mahalaya, mantras are chanted sonorously and broadcast widely. Clanging of bells can be heard in the temples and homes every day for the evening aarti. The ritual drummers beat out mind-blowing rhythms on their massive dhaks (drums) as the devotees perform the dhuno dance. These are the sounds traditionally heard at Durga Puja and without them the festival is incomplete.The customary ululation to ward off evil spirits and the blowing of conch shell resound in the air when the pujas are performed on Mahashtami. Even the visarjan has musical accompaniments of bhajans and chanting.

One feels sorry to bid goodbye both to the pandaals and the goddess as well as the food-stalls which serve delicious treats as prasad. The only consolation is that the Devi will be back next year and the music and festivities will begin once again.

Ya Devi sarvabhuteshuMatrirupenasamsthita
Ya Devi sarvabhuteshu Shakti rupenasamsthita
Ya Devi sarvabhutesu Shanti rupenasamsthita
NamestasyaiNamestasyaiNamestasyaiNamohNamah                                               Related image

 

 

Ananya Chowdhry

Std VIII B

A.V.M B.W.

गोवर्धन पूजा का विशेष महत्व

भारत मे गोवर्धन पूजा का विशेष महत्व है।इस त्योहार का प्रकृति एवम मानव जीवन से सीधा संबंध है।इस पर्व से संबंधित  कथा इस इस प्रकार है।
देवराज इन्द्र को अपने बल  औऱ ऐश्वर्य का बडा अभिमान हो गया था।उनके इस अभिमान को चूर करने के लिए कृष्ण ने एक लीला रची।बृजवासी पकवान बना कर इन्द्र की पूजा की तैयारी कर रहे थे।कृष्ण ने माँ यशोदा से सवाल पूछा कि किसकी पूजा हो रही है औऱ क्यों?
माता ने उत्तर दिया कि वर्षा आने ka karNa देवराज इन्द्र है अतः उनके प्रति आभार व कृत&ता हेतु yaह kamanaaहो रही है ।इस पर कृष्ण कहते हैं कि इन्द्र की पूजा न कर I
गोवर्धन की पूजा करना उत्तम है क्योंकि गाएँ तो वहीं चरने जाती हैं।इन्द्र यह जानकर क्रोध में भर उठते है।
वर्षा शुरु हो जाती है लगातार सात दिन  तक वर्षा होती रही इस  बीच सभी बृजवासी गाय-बछडों समेत कृष्ण की शरण में जाते हैं ।कृष्ण इनकी रक्षा हेतु गोवर्धन पर्वत को ही अपनी कनिष्ठा उंगली पर उठा लेते हैं ।बलराम के साथ पानी के प्रवाह को रोकते हैं ,गोवर्धन पर्वत के छत्र तले सभी बृजवासियों को व  पशुओं को जीवन दान मिलता है। अंत में इंद्र को एहसास होता है कृष्ण कोई साधारण मानव नहीं है वह ब्रह्मा जी के पास जाते हैं ब्रम्हाजी जब कृष्ण की सच्चाई बताते हैं तो अंदर का अहंकार मिट जाता है एवं कृष्ण से क्षमा मांगते हुए उनकी पूजा करते हैं और उन्हें भोग लगाते हैं किस पौराणिक घटना के बाद गोवर्धन की पूजा होने लगी गायों और बहनों को स्नान करा कर इस दिन उन्हें गुड और चावल खिलाया जाता है इस मिथक में प्राकृतिक संदेशों को मनुष्य तक पहुंचाना और प्रकृति के प्रति कृतज्ञता ज्ञापित करना इस कथा का आधार है ।

नाम चंचल बजोरिया
आठवीं-स
वासुदेव .सी वाधवा,
आर्य विद्या मंदिर बांद्रा पूर्व

गुरू- दक्षिणा

आचार्य दोणाचार्य ।
ऱाजगु$ शिक्षक राजपुत्रों के ।
कौरव और पांङवपुत्रो के अर्जुन य़ा प्रिय शिष्य प्रियतम सब में।

pर था तो अश्वत्थामा पुत्र उनका ,अंश उनका ।
भला बराबरी में उसकी खडा हो सके कोई।

देते आज्ञा शिष्यों को जल लाने की सरिता से।
घट देते शिष्यों को लघु मुख बोल।
जो ले समय अधिक भरने में।

पात्र होता पुत्र का ,खुला बडे मुख का।
भर जल शीघ्र ही लोटते गुरू पुत्र।
समय मिल जाता पिता को,
सिखाते ज्ञान देते शिक्षा विशेष पुत्र को।

ताड ली बात अर्जुन ने।
भागते नदी तट औरो से पहले।
आते लौट शीघ्र ,सहभागी बनने अश्वत्थामा के।
पाते ज्ञान श्रेष्ठ , शिक्षा गूढ़ धनुर्वेद।
खीच न पाए गुरु भी रेखा दोनों के बीच।

बने धनुधारी दोनों ज्ञान के पात्र विशेष अन्य से।
समय बीता ,आया एक भील पुत्र एकलव्य।

ख्याति सुन द्रोण की ,बनने धनुर्धारी
कर प्रणाम । नतमस्तक हो माँगा अनुग्रह।
“देव आया हूँ मागने आपसे विद्या का दान
रहूँगा आज्ञा में,करूँंगा प्रयास बनूंगा धनुर्धर।

बनू कृपा पात्र आपका, मेरे गुरु।
हाय रे विधाता क्रूर व्यंग भाग्य का।
नकारा गुरु ने जिज्ञासु बालक को।
उनकी कृपा के अधिकारी है केवल राजपुत्र,
दीन हीन नही ,तर्क दिया खोखला सा।

नाम- गौरी परदेसी
कक्षा- सातवी “अ”
वासुदेव .सी वाधवा,
आर्य विद्या मंदिर,
बांद्रा पूर्व

पर्व धनतेरस का

भारत मे हर पर्व किसी न किसी वैगानिक मान्यता पर आधारित होता है।हर पर्व के पीछे कोई न कोई घटना जुडी होती है जो हमें अपने गौरव पूर्ण अतीत का स्मरण कराती है। दीपावली से पूर्व धनतेरस का पर्व आता है इस दिन लोग नए पात्र खरीदते हैं।इसके पीछे मान्यता यह है कि सुरासुर युद्ध मे जब तेरह रत्न निकाले जा चुके थे तब चौदहवां अमृत कलश लेकर स्वयं धनवंतरि प्रकट हुए थे ।
इसलिये इस पर्व को धनवंतरि त्रयोदशी भी कहा जाता है।इस कहानी मे धनवंतरि जैसे आयुर्वेदाचार्य का प्रसंग जुडना उनकी विद्ववत्ता और आयुर्वेद मे उनकी महान प्रवीणता की महत्ता को सिद्ध करता है।
निरोगी  स्वस्थ्य रहना हर व्यक्ति की इच्छा होती है जिसे अमृत कलश ही पूर्ण करता है।शायद इसी लिए यह मिथक इस प्रकरण से जुड़ा।ऐसी भी मान्यता है कि त्रयोदशी के दिन ऋषि धनवंतरि अपना जन्मदिन मनाते हुए लोगों को मुफ्त औषधियाँ वितरित करते थे।लोग औषधि लेने नए पात्र लेकर ही आते थे। इसी से इस पावन पर्व पर नए पात्र (बरतन) खरीदने की परंपरा विकसित हो गई।

नाम- प्रणीति खुराना
आठवीं – स
आर्य विद्या मंदिर विद्यालय बान्द्रा पूर्व

गणेशजी का चूहा

कैलाश की चोटी पर, शिवजी के आलय में गणेश जी रहते थे। उनकी मां पार्वती जी का भी यही निवास था। वे सब खुशी खुशी अपना जीवन व्यतीत करते थे। वहीं दूसरी तरफ, गजमुखासुर नाम का एक असुर शिवजी को प्रसन्न करने की कोशिश कर रहा था। वह कठिन तपस्या से भूख, प्यास, सूर्य और हवा की कठोर परीक्षा को जीत चुका था।
जब शिवजी उसके सामने प्रकट हुए तो उन्होंने उसे यह वरदान दिया कि नाही मनुष्य और नाहीं जानवर उसका वध कर सकते है। यह वरदान पाकर गजमुखासुर घमंडी हो गया। उसने पास के गाँव में आतंक कर दिया। उसने लोगों के घरों को बरबाद कर दिया ओर अब तो वह देवताओं के पास जा रहा था। वरदान की वजह से कोई देवता भी उसका कुछ नहीं बिगाड़ सकता था। सब देवता शिवजी के पास गए और उनसे प्राथना की के वह उनकी सहायता करें। शिवजी जानते थे कि पूरे विश्व में सिर्फ गणेश जी ही गजमुखासुर का वध कर सकते है। अतः गणेश जी गजमुख के पास गए और उसे युद्ध के लिए ललकारा। जब गजमुखासुर को पता चला कि गणेश जी मनुष्य ओर जानवर के मिश्रण थे तो वह ङर गया और भागने लगा। पर गणेश जी ने उसे पकड़ लिया और अपनी शक्तियों से उसे चूहा बना दिया। उस दिन से गजमुखासुर एक चूहा बन गया और गणेश जी का वाहन।

By Priya Misra, Class 7A, AVMBW

गुरुभक्त एकलव्य

एकलव्य की कथा का वर्णन महाभारत में मिलता है। उसके अनुसार एकलव्य निषादराज हिरण्यधनु का पुत्र था। वह गुरु द्रोणाचार्यके पास धनुर्विद्या सीखने गया था, लेकिन राजवंश का न होने के कारण द्रोणाचार्य ने उसे धनुर्विद्या सिखाने से मना कर दिया। तबएकलव्य ने द्रोणाचार्य की एक प्रतिमा बनाई और उसे ही गुरु मानकर धनुर्विद्या का अभ्यास करने लगा। एक बार गुरु द्रोणाचार्य केसाथ सभी राजकुमार शिकार के लिए वन में गए।
 
उस वन में एकलव्य अभ्यास कर रहा था। अभ्यास के दौरान कुत्ते के भौंकने पर एकलव्य ने अपने बाणों से कुत्ते का मुंह बंद कर दिया।जब द्रोणाचार्य व राजकुमारों ने कुत्ते को इस हाल में देखा तो वे उस धनुर्धर को ढूंढने लगे, जिसने इतनी कुशलता से बाण चलाए थे।एकलव्य को ढूंढने पर द्रोणाचार्य ने उससे उसके गुरु के बारे में पूछा। एकलव्य ने बताया कि उसने प्रतिमा के रूप में ही द्रोणाचार्य कोअपना गुरु माना है। तब गुरु द्रोणाचार्य ने गुरु दक्षिणा के रूप में एकलव्य से दाहिने हाथ का अंगूठा मांग लिया। एकलव्य ने बिनाकुछ सोचे अपने अंगूठा द्रोणाचार्य को दे दिया।
 
By KEISHA D’SOUZA, Class 3B, AVMBW

THE GREAT TEACHER

Myths and legends are an integral part of human existence. They have been around us all the time. Though their validity is susceptible, nobody seems to mind as they stand as a proof of the human belief in divine powers. Here I bring to you a popular mythological story that will take you to times of yore when gods co-habited with humans.    One day the princes’ of Hastinapur were playing together and their ball fell into a well. Then a ring, too, fell into the well The princes peered into the well but didn’t know how to get them out.

Acharya Drona, who was standing nearby saw all this and said , ” It is a shame that princes like you are not able to do such a small thing .” He picked up a blade of grass and shot it at the ball in the well. The blade got stuck to the ball. Then he shot another blade, which stuck to the end of the first blade. In this way, he made a chain of grass blades, which reached the top of the well.

He then pulled out the ball with it. Then he shot an arrow at the ring in the well. The arrow sprung back, and brought the ring with it. The princes’ were very happy .

Bhishma felt that Acharya Drona was skilled enough to teach the princes archery and warfare and later made him the princes’ teacher.

By Girisha Nichani, Class 5B, AVMBW

Lessons I Learnt from Indian Mythology

India’s rich mythology has taught me many things,
Like lessons of righteousness and humanity from many queens and kings.
The stories of Ramayana taught me to Always fight for what’s right,
And that a calm attitude can always help get you out of a plight.
The stories of Mahabharata taught me that the determination of five,
Can out weight the loose wand of a hundred and even the most skilled could act naïve.
The story of Prahlad taught me to always stand up for what I believe,
And to be open minded and never give up on what I want, never to leave.
Most of all Indian mythology taught me how to be wise and brave,
And these are some lessons that I will take to my grave.

By SMRITI VARIYAR, Class 9A, AVM BE

INDIAN MYTHOLOGY: The Way I see it

Long, long ago in the land of the gods,
There sat shiva, saraswati and the other lords.
Magnificent in their divine rule,
All are great, all are cool.

Brahma the creator of all,
Is the most mighty- stands tall.
Vishnu the preserver keeping us alive,
So that towards our goal till death we can strive.
Shiva the destroyer- he does eliminate
And helps us while the dead we cremate.

The avatars of Vishnu- all great heroes,
Totally blue- up to the tips of their nose!
Krishna and ram- naughty but brave,
For the love of their lives are like perfect slaves.

Pandavas and kauravas out for blood,
With war, India had a red flood!
Wicked shakuni playing his dice,
Tricking the pandavas with a head full of lies.

Rama shooting arrows while krishna eats butter,
With various stunts they made their mothers’ heart’s flutter.
Ganesh with his elephant head and his lust for food,
Against many trials- triumphant he stood!

Prahlad prayed to divine vishnu,
Raced hard while Hiranyakashyapu ran behind holding a shoe.
His aunt Miss Holika raged with fire,
In the end burnt herself and her glam attire.

Though ravana now resides in hell
He lives in each of our hearts, god can tell.
And though every year on dussehra we burn him,
That doesn’t make the evil in us any dim.

Even then, grandly we celebrate each festival,
Also mourning the deceased in a silent lull.
Festivals like holi and diwali also tell us,
Let the good win and the wrong lose without much fuss.

By LEELA ADDEPALLI, Class 7A, AVM BE.

THE MAHABHARATA

Once upon a time, there was a Kuru Dynasty,
The princes of the empire ,
Were brave, courageous and feisty.
Pandavas and Kauravas they were called,
Kauravas were arrogant and spoilt.
But the Pandavas had faith in the lord.

Yudhishtir, Bheem, Arjun, Nakuland and Sahadev,
Were dutiful, chivalrous and brave.
Duryodhan, dushahan, karna and shakuni,
Sowed seeds of enmity.

Draupadi, the five Pandava’s wife,
Was the actual cause of strife.
She was arrogant so,
Arjun won her with his knowledge of the bow.

But Draupadi had to be divided between the five,
So people called her many names,
which stung like bees of a hive.

Yudhishtir and Shakuni played a game of dice,
Yudhishtir lost everything,
Thanks to Shakuni’s vice.

So Draupadi was dragged into the court,
To save her dignity, sadly nobody did vote.

Draupadi, chaste even though,
For vengeanence Bheem took a vow,
“He would drink dushasan’s blood
Also the hundred brothers would soon be mixed in mud.”

The brothers started the fight,
They fought with all their might.

All the Kauravas were dead,
As their grandsire lay on his death bed.
The Pandavas won the battle,
People were slaughtered like cattle.

It was a new beginning,
As the death of Shri Krishna,
Marked the kaliyug coming

By PRANITI KHURANA, Class 8C, AVM BE.

Thrice around YOUR world

One day in the Kailash Parvat
The two brothers Ganesha and Karthik had a fight
Each wanted the modaks , but none wanted to share
So they set a compromise:
To take three rounds of what they thought was their world.

So Karthik took of with his peacock around the Earth
Leaving Ganesha to think how to win
He came upon the realization that his world w not the Earth
The did everything for him, his parents.

Ganesha took three rounds of his parents
Soon he was sitting in front of a plate of modak
Upon Karthiks arrival he came to the realisation that
Ganesha had won and he had lost
Ganesha noticing his brothers disappointment
He offered him a modak amd brought him a smile.

By Kimberly Roy, Class 6A, AVM, Bandra East

HOW MANY RAMAYANAS?

The Ramayana-the story of Shri Rama has inspired people for thousands of years. From time to time, this story has been written by different people in different languages to bring it closer to the common man.

Do you know how many Ramayana’s there are? Hundreds we are told. Here are some of them.

Valmiki Ramayan- Valmiki
Adhyatma Ramayan- vyasa
Tulsi Ramayan- saint Tulsidas
Kamba Ramayan- kamban(tamil)
Bhushundi Ramayan- Kaok Bhushundi
Govind Ramayan- sikh guru Shri Gobind Singh ji
Mantra Ramayan- mandal 6 of rig Veda
Vichitra Ramayan- Oriya
Bhanu bhakt Ramayan- Nepali
Madhav kandali krit Ramayan- Asamese
Koka Ramayan- Gujarati
In each and every Ramayana, lord Rama means:
One who is pleasing, charming, beautiful, upright, honest and one who gives rest.

By Siya Mundra, Class 3B, AVM BE

LITTLE KRISHNA AND KALIYA

Once a huge black serpent called Kaliya came to live in the river Yamuna. He poisoned the water of the river with his venom. The people of Vrindavan were very scared of the serpent, who was very strong.

One day Krishna decided to teach Kaliya a lesson. He jumped into the river to kill the serpent. Kaliya was furious and rushed to attack Krishna, but before the snake could catch him Krishna quickly climbed on Kaliyas head. To shake him off, Kaliya tried to coil around Krishna and crush him. He even tried to survive under water without breathing. Eventually, Kaliya got tired. Krishna then started jumping and stamping on Kaliyas head and the serpent started vomiting poison.

Kaliya bowed and begged Krishna for forgiveness and quietly left and the people of Vrindavan rejoiced.

By DHIA SHAH, Class 4A, V.C.W ARYA VIDYA MANDIR BANDRA (EAST)

Indian Mythology — Our Traditional Connect

By AASHNA KENIA, Class 7 A, AVMBE

Indian mythology is one of the richest elements of Indian culture, which enriches it further and makes it unique in the world. Indian mythology has different stories which have been passes on from generation to generation either by word, mouth or through stories scripts. The stories vary from subtle maxim conveying tales of panchatantra and jataka to subtle life paradigm defining stories from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are considered the highest gods of Hinduism. Brahma the creator and ruler of brahmalok, Vishnu the preserver and ruler of vaikunth and Shiva the destroyer and ruler of kailash.

Lord Brahma is depicted with four heads and four arms. It is from these four heads that Vedas were divided into four parts.

Lord Vishnu is very valuable and versatile. Wherever the precious balance between god and evil is at stake Vishnu returns to earth to restore order.

Lord Shiva is regarded as limitless, transcendent, unchanging and formless. Shiva has many benevolent and fearsome forms. It is said that Shiva has interest in yoga and art and thus yoga and art have partially derived from Shiva’s interests.

Thus, we see that Indian mythology has a great connection with our tradition, culture and lifestyle. Many things we derive and learn from our fore-fathers and Indian mythology. Indian mythology has a great connection and makes Indian unique from the rest of the world!!